AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Community fundraising Digital Civic Society Initiative – keeping communities connected 22 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 25 June 2009 | News Griff Rhys Jones blog describes fight against supermarket development on historic Suffolk water meadowsThe Civic Society Initiative today announced a series of measures which will enable civic societies, community groups, individuals, local authorities, planners and architects to stay right up to date with moves to strengthen the role of local communities in shaping the future of towns, cities and villages across the country.Social networking tools are giving people across the world new ways in which to communicate and share information – its many tools are used regularly by millions of people and the Civic Society Initiative is: Advertisement • Announcing a regular blog featuring renowned actor and heritage champion Griff Rhys Jones. http://www.civicsocietyinitiative.org.uk/blog• Launching www.twitter.com/csinitiative giving communities and visitors daily descriptions of what’s happening with the Civic Society Initiative• Promoting the first national Civic Society News RSS feed at http://feeds2.feedburner.com/CivicSocietyNews• Launching a central video depository dedicated to the civic society movement at www.civicsocietyinitiative.org.uk/videos.htmlThese new resources will provide up to date information on the role being played by civic societies as local champions of the places where we live. They also provide opportunities for everyone to engage with the debate being run by the Civic Society Initiative to strengthen the role played by the hundreds of local civic societies and their 250,000 members.In his first blog Griff Rhys Jones describes his experience of the campaign against a development by Tesco on the historic water meadows of Hadleigh, Suffolk. In the face of claims that the development will provide a stronger economic future Griff says:“They don’t realise that Hadleigh is already the future: a place with mixed work use, where people live who will have light shopping demands and reward personal service in nice shops. We are still building faceless dormitories of “housing estates” with medieval street patterns as extensions to our cities and bulldozing the existing real medieval streets to accommodate the ambitions of retail units which need large scale parking and shops so that we have a centre. These places then die at night and become no go areas.“Let the chain stores go. They will throttle small towns. I believe this is considered some sort of modern heresy, akin to the religious opinions that once had radical inhabitants of this town burned to a crisp, but Hadleigh was always dissenting. It has a history of speaking its mind and refusing to follow orthodoxy. I’m quite prepared to follow that. Though I hope I don’t get burned to a crisp.”Tony Burton, Director of the Civic Society Initiative, said “There has never been a more important time for local communities to speak up and speak out about the future of the streets, buildings, parks and open spaces which we all inhabit. Using these social networking tools provides everyone with a way of keeping in touch and debating the key issues affecting communities up and down the country. Griff is well known for his passion for protecting the heritage of our country and we are sure his blog will quickly become essential reading for all those concerned for its future.”NOTES FOR EDITORS1. The Civic Society Initiative was launched by Griff Rhys Jones and Tony Burton on 1 June 2009. It has been established to support and provide a voice for the unique network of over 1,000 civic societies across the country following the Civic Trust going into administration in April 2009.2. The new social networking tools are available at www.civicsocietyinitiative.org.uk.Twitter is a service for friends, family, and co–workers to communicate and stay connected through the exchange of quick, frequent messages. People write short updates, called “tweets”, of 140 characters or fewer. These messages are posted to your profile or your blog, sent to your followers, and are searchable on Twitter search. Visit the Twitter home page to sign up and go to the support page to learn more about Twitter.RSS is a way to be notified of new and changed content. Notifications of changes to multiple websites are handled easily, and the results are presented to you well organized and distinct from email.FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT:Ian Harvey, Co-ordinator, Civic Society Initiative (m) 07877 096968 (t) 0151 708 9920Tony Burton, Director, Civic Society Initiative (t) 020 7981 2881
April 12, 2019 1,342 Views Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Tagged with: Department of Justice DOJ GE Subprime Lending Print This Post Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) announced on Friday that General Electric will pay $1.5 billion to end the DOJ’s claims over subprime home loans that have been bundled into risky securities.According to the DOJ, GE misrepresented the quality of its subprime loans through its former mortgage business, WMC, and will pay its penalty under the under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA).“The financial system counts on originators, which are in the best position to know the true condition of their mortgage loans, to make accurate and complete representations about their products. The failure to disclose material deficiencies in those loans contributed to the financial crisis,” Justice Department Assistant Attorney General Jody Hunt said in a statement.“As today’s resolution demonstrates, the Department of Justice will continue to employ FIRREA as a powerful tool for protecting our financial markets against fraud,” Hunt continued.“This settlement contains no admission of any allegations and concludes the FIRREA investigation of WMC,” a GE spokesperson said in a statement to CNBC. “This is another step in our ongoing efforts to de-risk GE Capital. This agreement represents a significant part of the total legacy exposure associated with WMC and we are pleased to put this matter behind us.”According to the DOJ, WMC originated more than $65 billion dollars in mortgage loans between 2005 and 2007. According to a member of GE’s Corporate Audit Staff (CAS) involved in audits of WMC observed in April 2007, WMC “jacked up volume without controls,” leading to WMC receiving more mortgage applications containing fraud or other defects than its competitors.The DOJ alleges that by late 2005 and early 2006, investment banks were kicking out more of WMC’s loans than ever, and after a review in March 2006, WMC found that 78 percent of the loan files reviewed contained at least one piece of false information. Previous: Best Homes Title Rolls Out New Website Next: Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase Weigh In on Bank Performance Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago GE’s $1.5B DOJ Subprime Settlement Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Seth Welborn is a contributing writer for DS News. He is a Harding University graduate with a degree in English and a minor in writing, and has studied abroad in Athens, Greece. An East Texas native, he also works part-time as a photographer. The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Department of Justice DOJ GE Subprime Lending 2019-04-12 Seth Welborn Sign up for DS News Daily Subscribe About Author: Seth Welborn Related Articles Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Share Save The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, Journal, News Home / Daily Dose / GE’s $1.5B DOJ Subprime Settlement
(REUTERS) – Nathan Lyon claimed six for 60 to bowl Australia to an emphatic series-equalling seven-wicket victory over Bangladesh in the second and final Test yesterday.The 29-year-old off-spinner completed a career-best match-haul of 13-154 to help bundle out the hosts for 157 on day four at Chittagong’s Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium.Chasing 86 for victory, Australia suffered a mini-collapse of their own, losing openers David Warner and Matt Renshaw as well as captain Steve Smith before reaching the 50-mark.Glenn Maxwell made a breezy 25 not out, though, and sealed the victory with a six off Nasir Hossain to avenge Australia’s 20-run loss in the series-opener in Dhaka.“I thought we played some good cricket at times in this Test match,” Smith said at the presentation ceremony.“I‘m proud of the way the boys got over the line here in the end to get the 1-1 draw.”Earlier, Australia were not able to add to their overnight score as Lyon fell for a duck and were all out for 377 – a first-innings lead of 72.Paceman Pat Cummins drew first blood for the tourists by dismissing opener Soumya Sarkar before Lyon’s three-wicket burst in the morning session unhinged the home side.By the time they had erased the first -nnings deficit, Bangladesh had lost the top half of their batting lineup and the lack of a partnership down the order effectively condemned them to defeat.Captain Mushfiqur Rahim – with 31, while Mominul Haque (29) and Sabbir Rahman (24) also got starts but none of them were able to move on to the sort of big knock that might have set Australia a bigger Test total in the fourth innings.Lyon claimed a third successive six-wicket haul to take his series tally to 22 wickets, the most by an Australian bowler in a two-Test series.“I thought Nathan Lyon was remarkable in that first innings. There wasn’t much in the pitch for him, and I think he got 22 wickets for the series, really good effort,” Smith said of his spin spearhead.Lyon won the man-of-the-match award and shared the man-of-the-series honour with team mate Warner who scored back-to-back centuries in the series.Despite the draw, Australia slipped to fifth place in the official Test rankings.Home captain Mushfiqur said his team should have batted better in the first innings when they scored 305.“Credit goes to Australia. We knew they are a very strong team and will come at us harder,” the stumper-batsman said.“If we could score 350-400, a target of 150-200 in the fourth innings, you never know. Our first innings cost us the game.”BANGLADESH first innings 305 (M. Rahim 68, S. Rahman 66; N. Lyon 7-94)Australia 1st innings (Overnight 377-9)M. Renshaw c Rahim b M. Rahman 4D. Warner c Kayes b M. Rahman 123S. Smith b T. Islam 58P. Handscomb run-out (Al Hasan) 82G. Maxwell c Rahim b M. Hasan 38H. Cartwright c Sarkar b M. Hasan 18M. Wade lbw b M. Rahman 8A. Agar b Al Hasan 22P. Cummins lbw b M. Hasan 4S. O’Keefe not out 8N. Lyon c Kayes b M. Rahman 0Extras: (b-8, lb-3, w-1) 12Total: (all out, 119.5 overs) 377Fall of wickets: 1-5, 2-98, 3-250, 4-298, 5-321, 6-342, 7-346, 8-364, 9-376.Bowling: Mehidy Hasan 38-6-93-3, Mustafizur Rahman 20.5-2-84-4 (w-1), Shakib Al Hasan 31-3-82-1, Taijul Islam 21-1-78-1, Nasir Hossain 6-2-14-0, Mominul Haque 2-0-6-0, Sabbir Rahman 1-0-9-0.BANGLADESH 2nd inningsTamim Iqbal st Wade b Lyon 12Soumya Sarkarc Renshaw b Cummins 9Imrul Kayes c Maxwell b Lyon 15Nasir Hossain c Smith b O’Keefe 5Shakib Al Hasan c Warner b Lyon 2Mushfiqur Rahim c Wade b Cummins 1Sabbir Rahman stp. Wade b Lyon 24Mominul Haque c Cummins b Lyon 29Mehidy Hasan not out 14Taijul Islam b Lyon 4Mustafizur Rahman b O’Keefe 0Extras: (b-12) 12Total: (all out, 71.2 overs) 157Fall of wickets: 1-11, 2-32, 3-37, 4-39, 5-43, 6-97, 7-129, 8-149, 9-156.Bowling: P. Cummins 11-3-27-2, N. Lyon 33-11-60-6, S. O’Keefe 22.2-6-49-2, A. Agar 5-1-9-0.AUSTRALIA 2nd innings (Target: 86 runs)M. Renshaw c Rahim b Al Hasan 22D. Warner c Sarkar b M. Rahman 8S. Smith c Rahim b T. Islam 16P. Handscomb not out 16G. Maxwell not out 25Extras: 0Total: (for 3 wickets, 15.3 overs) 87Fall of wickets: 1-13, 2-44, 3-48.Bowling: Mustafizur Rahman 5-1-16-1, Shakib Al Hasan 6-1-35-1, Taijul Islam 4- 0-26-1,Nasir Hossain 0.3-0-10-0.
Facebook17Tweet0Pin0Submitted by South Puget Sound Community CollegeSouth Puget Sound Community College (SPSCC) last week announced a new role on the College’s executive leadership team: Chief Diversity Officer. Parfait Bassalé will serve in this position and plans to further support the College’s core theme of “Equity” and commitment to cultivating an environment that reduces barriers and removes equity gaps.Bassalé has worked at SPSCC for three years as the director of the A. Barbara Clarkson Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Center (DEIC). During his time in that role, Bassalé and DEIC staff have ensured the Center is a welcoming and supportive space that promotes the growth and development of the campus community.“My tenure here so far has been a good experience,” said Bassalé. “The College’s leadership has demonstrated time and again that they are committed to doing hard work on difficult issues and I feel hopeful and confident that change will ensue.”Under Bassalé’s leadership, the DEIC has equipped students, staff, and faculty with many tools and programs to work on equity and diversity in meaningful ways.“To achieve the goals set out in our strategic plan and respond to the needs of our entire campus community, Parfait will lead this same kind of work from the highest levels of our organization,” said SPSCC president Dr. Timothy Stokes.“He will also lead campus-wide efforts and actions aimed at transforming our institution, dismantling racism at the systemic level, and establishing equitable structures and processes in every aspect of what we do.”In addition to his work at SPSCC, Bassalé will work to address system-wide equity issues by representing SPSCC on the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges’ newly formed Chief Diversity and Equity Officers Commission.
SYDNEY, Australia (CMC):West Indies captain Jason Holder believes parity in earnings will motivate players to focus more on international cricket instead of solely on the lucrative Twenty20 format.Holder was responding to claims by England star Kevin Pietersen that the game’s biggest stars, especially those from West Indies, were being lost to international cricket because of the lure of T20s.Pietersen, a former Test star who now peddles his talents on the T20 circuit, said that the International Cricket Council needed to intervene to ensure that there were competitive financial incentives available to players in international cricket.”I think it’s possibly a way to keep [Test cricket] alive. Obviously, we’re in a situation where the money isn’t great for us at the moment, and we’ve been in numerous battles for that, but that’s beyond our control at this present time,” Holder told reporters yesterday.”At the end of the day, hopefully, somewhere along the line we can have an increase in pay and be paid a little bit better than at the moment.”Pietersen was echoing sentiments similar to those of West Indies’ chief selector Clive Lloyd, who said on Friday that the money on offer on the global T20 circuit had resulted in several Caribbean players opting out of Test cricket.West Indies players like Chris Gayle, Lendl Simmons, Dwayne Bravo, Darren Sammy, Samuel Badree, and AndrÈ Russell are all campaigning in the Big Bash League, while an inexperienced Caribbean side has been locked in a three-Test series with Australia.Holder said priority needed to be placed on international cricket and believed players would take this option once there was some balance, financially, with T20s.”I think we need to strike a balance, and I’m not knocking T20 cricket because I love T20 cricket myself, but we just need to find a way where the country comes first and then we are flexible in terms of allowing people to make money outside of international cricket,” the 24-year-old said.”I don’t think we should be playing hardball and deny people from going and playing, but there has to be a situation where we make international cricket our first priority. I think once we get to that stage, the players will buy in.”
CONRAD JENKINS, president of the Jamaica Taekwondo Federation, in response to martial artist Nicholas Dusard’s claims of bias, has issued a press release outlining criteria used in selecting Jamaica’s two-man team for a Pan Am Olympic qualifying tournament in Mexico this week.However, the criteria, prepared by sole selector Jenkins, conflicted with an audio recording of a team meeting during which Dusard had challenged him about his non-selection after trials at the National Indoor Sports Centre on February 26.Dusard, who won the -68 kg category at the February 22-26 trials, complained in a story published in The Gleaner on March 3, that he was denied a chance to compete at -80 kg and was never told that current world rankings would have been a determinant.A subsequent press release, sent by Howard Chin, general secretary, JTF, on behalf of Jenkins, stated three criteria used in selection – results from the 2016 US and Canada Opens, WTF Olympic ranking and ‘athletes with the best competition management and with the least or no illegal acts in the fight offs’.Speaking to The Gleaner after Dusard’s claims, Jenkins insisted the three criteria listed in his press release were the only determinants.However, during an audio recording presented by Dusard, the JTF president was heard singing a different tune when challenged by the fighter, admitting he had not mentioned the use of rankings before the fight offs.In addition, Jenkins went on to explain, at length, to Dusard and the other fighters that accomplishments in competitions “over the years” were also a factor, a criterion not included in his press release list of three.”If it was mentioned, it made no sense none of the -68s fought. If we knew it would have come down to rankings, Raymond, Bruce and I, we had no chance,” Dusard was heard saying on the recording.”A chance should have been given for us to maybe step up to Craig or Jason’s weight class to fight off for that spot. Based on what is happening now, none of the -68 people had a chance of going, so we came here to fight for no reason,” he added, at which point Jenkins interjected.”I understand what you’re saying, you’re expressing a good concern but let me take it another step. The ranking is just one but it’s more than the ranking. When you assess, the second leg of the ranking, let’s put the ranking aside, the second leg of it, we’re dealing with number two, who has been competing and awarded medals in fights over the last couple of years,” the JTF president said, before Dusard objected.”I understand that, sir, but that was never said. That was never said, that’s the issue,” the fighter said, at which point Jenkins agreed.”That part was never said before the fight off, that is true and that is where we take the next step away from the rankings to who has been awarded,” he said.Presented with the recording, to which he listened intently, a defiant Jenkins ignored its contents, saying, “the three criteria were sent”. He also claimed that Dusard’s request to go up in weight class was only made on the day of the fight offs.”On the day of the fight offs?” a stunned Dusard responded when contacted by The Gleaner.”How could I make that request on the day of the fight? Raymond James from New York and I, who fought -68, we both asked on the 22nd if we could fight -80. We both expressed our desire and willingness to fight -80. We were told no by Jenkins,” he said.United States-based fighters, Craig Brown (-80 kg) and Jason Grant (+80kg), winners of their respective divisions, were chosen by Jenkins to represent Jamaica at the March 10-11 Pan Am Olympic qualification tournament in Aguascalientes, Mexico.
A scene from The Silver Fez, a look atSouth Africa’s colourful Malay subculture.(Image: Africa in Motion)MEDIA CONTACTS • Gillian CookAiM press officer+44 7790 200 471Janine ErasmusAfrica will be the main attraction at a film festival, which runs from 21 October to 5 November in Edinburgh, Scotland.The 2010 Africa in Motion (AiM) Film Festival is the fifth edition of its kind, with this year’s productions sharing themes of celebration, freedom and independence, according to festival organisers.Last year’s festival focused on conflict and reconciliation across the continent, in keeping with the declaration of 2009 as the UN International Year of Reconciliation.As a tribute to AiM’s role in drawing international attention to issues of reconciliation, it received a commendation from UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon.The 2010 theme of celebration marks a number of auspicious occasions. Besides AiM’s fifth anniversary, there are 17 African countries that celebrate 50 years of independence this year. Among them are Nigeria (1 October), the Democratic Republic of Congo (30 June), Cameroon (1 January), Côte d’Ivoire (7 August), Madagascar (26 June), and Senegal (20 August).The others are Togo, Somalia, Benin, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Mali and Mauritania.Access to African cinemaFestival founder and director Lizelle Bisschoff obtained her BA in Communication Theory and BA (hons) in Literary Theory and Audiovisual Production Management at the University of Johannesburg.She recently completed her PhD at Scotland’s Stirling University, conducting research into the role of women in cinema in the sub-Saharan region.She established AiM because during her research she found it difficult to gain access to African cinema works in Scotland. The festival also gives African filmmakers a platform to show their work to audiences that, on the whole, know very little about the continent’s vibrant film industry.With more than 70 films from 28 countries, including South Africa, film lovers can expect a feast of innovation and creativity around the central themes. Films are also screened according to the specific theme of the day – these include North Africa, children, dance, sport, Nelson Mandela, and the environment, among others.The festival arranges a range of accompanying events for those who are interested in other artistic genres. Children can attend an animation workshop; the Scottish Poetry Library presents the Poetry in Motion gathering; veteran Cameroonian director Jean-Marie Teno leads a free masterclass in documentary filming at the Edinburgh College of Art; and the Filmhouse Guild Room hosts an afternoon of African storytelling.Some of the films will gain further exposure through a tour of the rural Scottish areas of Fife, Cromarty, Orkney and Skye later in November.Full details of all the events, dates and venues are available on the Africa in Motion website, and film lovers may book online to see the productions of their choice.Trailers, shorts and interviews may also be viewed on AiM’s online television channel.South Africa on the big screenSouth Africa is represented by a variety of short and full-length films that offer a fascinating glimpse of the country and its people.The film City Breath is a collection of diverse short films, or breaths, of South African cities. No segment is longer than four minutes, and through these 20 experimental shorts, the project offers insight into the way South Africans view their cities.Made in 1994, Voices from Robben Island is a documentary on the notorious island where political prisoners were jailed for many years at a time. The film examines the island’s 400-year history and profiles some of its most famous inmates – Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, and others.The other film honouring former president Nelson Mandela is titled Welcome Nelson. This is an intriguing 23-minute montage of original footage from 11 February 1990, the day he was released from a 27-year prison sentence.The documentary Fezeka’s Voice profiles Phumi Tsewu, for the past 12 years the choirmaster of the award-winning Fezeka High School Choir. Through his guidance and inspiration, 77 youngsters from the underprivileged Western Cape township of Gugulethu have used music to lift themselves out of their everyday lives, which are often filled with hardship. Their work in the choir has given them a sense of belonging, acceptance and pride.The dance documentary Freedom follows five South African dancers as they express their individual concepts of freedom and democracy through their art.Visual artist Nico Phooka and playwright Fatima Dike collaborate in the documentary Amagagu: Dreaming the New. The film also explores their personal backgrounds, cultures and beliefs.The Silver Fez is a documentary featuring Cape Town’s famous Malay musicians. The film provides a glimpse into the Malay subculture and the age-old musical traditions that help to sustain it.Passion Gap is another collection of snippets of South African life, filmed among the young people of Cape Town. The title refers to the tradition of dental modification – or quite simply the removal of the front teeth – favoured by many coloured people of the Western Cape as a fashion statement and rite of passage. The missing teeth are replaced by dentures often outrageously decorated with gold, silver or precious stones.Cape Town as an adventure destination is the subject of Unfinished Business, a film that probes the culture of thrill-seeking associated with the city’s world-famous Table Mountain.Set in 1993, uGugu no Andile (Gugu and Andile) is a film about a Zulu girl who falls in love with a young Xhosa man. In Romeo and Juliet style, their union results in disapproval from both communities, and in the troubled political climate of the time, the pair becomes caught up in violence and uncertainty.
Last week, after an overview of lighting history, we examined incandescent lighting—the lamp technology invented by Thomas Edison. Until the mid-1900s incandescent lighting dominated both commercial and residential lighting applications, indoors and outdoors. That only changed when electric discharge lamps were introduced, offering longer life and producing more light per unit of electricity consumption.While the first practical fluorescent lamp wasn’t introduced until 1938, the origins of fluorescent lighting date back to the turn of the century. In 1901, American Peter Cooper Hewitt patented mercury-vapor lamp. He discovered that by passing electric current through a small amount of mercury gas, an electric arc was produced and light given off. He went on to form a company with George Westinghouse to form the Cooper Hewitt Electric Company to produce the first mercury vapor lamps. I’ll address mercury vapor lamps and other types of “high-intensity discharge” lamps next week.Various researchers, including the German Edmund Germer, worked on improving the light quality from mercury vapor lamps so that it could be used effectively indoors–mercury light has an unpleasant bluish color at the ultraviolet (UV) end of the spectrum–but it was American George Inman and his group or researchers at General Electric that made it work. They found that by coating the inside of the glass tube with phosphor, the UV light would be absorbed and the phosphor would re-radiate a much whiter light. That’s the principle of fluorescent lighting.Fluorescent lamps have electrodes at both ends of a phosphor-coated, sealed glass tube that is filled with a small amount of mercury vapor in an inert gas, usually argon. When current is applied to those electrodes, an electric arc is produced in the mercury gas, generating the light. A ballast modifies the electric current, giving it a boost of charge to start the arc, then reducing the electric current to keep the lamp operating without blowing it out.Early fluorescent lamps used magnetic ballasts that produced an annoying hum and caused flickering. Most of these early fluorescent lamps were straight glass tubes, though GE fairly quickly introduced circular (Circline) and U-shaped lamps. Other manufacturers, including Philips and Sylvania entered the market.More recent advances include the switch to electronic ballasts, improvement in the phosphors, and miniaturization of fluorescent lamps. The switch to electronic ballasts eliminated most of the hum and flicker. Instead of cycling on-and-off 60 times a second (the frequency of AC current), the electronic ballasts cycle at about 10,000 times a second, which is imperceptible to the human eye.While most early fluorescent lamps produced an eerie bluish light that made human skin look cadaverous, newer phosphors introduced in the 1970s dramatically improved the light. Light quality is measured in two ways: the color temperature (in kelvins) and the color rendering index (CRI), both of which are determined by the phosphors. “Cool-white” fluorescent lamps have color temperatures of about 4,000 kelvins or higher, and that light looks distinctly bluish (which has a cool feel to it). Full-spectrum lamps have very high color temperature, often around 7,000 k, and the light is very blue—which most homeowners dislike. Warm-white lamps have color temperatures of about 3,000 or lower; these are more yellow and look and feel more like incandescent light.The color rendering index of a lamp measures how accurately colors are shown off under that light. A CRI of 100 represents color perfectly, like incandescent lamps. In the 1970s most fluorescent lamps had CRIs of 60 or lower, which is why skin color appeared so odd. Most fluorescent lamps today have CRIs of 80 or 85, so show off colors much better.The final advance that I’ll cover here is miniaturization to create compact fluorescent lamps, or CFLs. First introduced in the 1980s by Philips, CFLs are now widely available and becoming more and more common as replacements for incandescent light bulbs. The fluorescent tube is thinner in diameter and either folded or spiraled to concentrate the light. Most of the CFLs homeowners buy have integral ballasts and screw-in mounts just like incandescent light bulbs, so they offer easy replacement. CFLs are also available with separate lamps and ballasts, so that just the lamp can be replaced when it fails.Modern fluorescent lamps produce as many as 100 lumens of light per watt of electricity consumed, compared with about 15 to 20 lumens per watt for incandescent light bulbs. This measure of performance is referred to as “efficacy.” The highest-efficacy linear fluorescent lamps are the thinnest-diameter. (Lamp diameters are measured in eighths of an inch, so a T-12 lamps is an inch-and-a-half in diameter.) T-8 lamps have higher efficacy than T-12 lamps, and T-5 lamps have higher efficacy than T-8s. Most CFLs have efficacies of about 50 or 60 lumens per watt.While CFLs use just a third as much electricity for comparable light output as incandescent light bulbs and last up to ten times as long, they have one big drawback: the mercury. CFLs and straight-tube fluorescent lamps contain a small amount of mercury that creates a disposal problem—the lamps become hazardous waste and, if incinerated, can contribute significantly to air pollution. Breakage can also release potentially hazardous mercury in your house. We will see in a couple weeks how LED lighting offers an alternative to this mercury problem.
As the formidable Men in Blue look to end the 28-year World Cup drought, their fans in Bollywood are also ensuring that they are there to cheer the team as it takes on the unpredictable Sri Lankans at Mumbai’s Wankhede Stadium on Saturday.While most of the commoners have been striving to secure a ticket for the finals to fulfil their dreams to witness the clash of titans, some Bollywood A-listers have already got their seats booked in the stadium.Superstar Aamir Khan and wife Kiran Rao, who were seen cheering Team India against archrivals Pakistan in Mohali, would be there for the finals too.Actor Lara Dutta would also stand by the Indian cricket team along with her friends. A true cricket fan, she has committed to be there for the match instead of supporting her newly married husband, tennis star Mahesh Bhupathi, who is playing in Miami.Dino Morea, who was in the midst of his Pakistani fans in Mohali during the Indo-Pak clash, is now heading towards Wankhede trailing Dhoni and his boys.Actor Suniel Shetty, along with wife Mana and son, actress Minissha Lamba and Jeetendra’s actor son Tusshar Kapoor have also booked their tickets at Wankhede.
About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Man City boss Guardiola: I’d be Fraudiola without my players!by Freddie Taylora month agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester City manager Pep Guardiola says he’d be nothing without his players.Guardiola was speaking in defence of his squad after Saturday’s shock loss to Norwich City.”They gave me all the prestige I have in England, when the first season when it was Fraud Guardiola, Fraudiola,” he said.”This kind of game here in England – it’s not possible to play because you need to have tackles and you have to play like that – these players gave me the prestige that I have.”And now all around the world people say how good a manager I am – it’s for them, not for me.”